Cappadocia, one of the most visited cities of our country, has fairy chimneys, historical values, natural beauties, underground cities and many other attractions, which are formed as a result of the erosion of the lava and tuff layer sprayed by volcanoes by wind and water. The fairy chimneys, which are used as houses, churches or monasteries by the locals, have survived to the present day in good preservation.
Cappadocia, which offers a unique experience and fascinates its visitors with its unique geography, although it is mostly visited by daily or 2-day tours in our country, you should know that this time will not be enough even if you spend 1 week. Cappadocia, each corner of which offers beauties that you cannot see anywhere else in the world, is a place where you will direct your holiday route again and again.
Things to do in Cappadocia
Cappadocia; It is the name of a large region spread over Nevsehir, Kirsehir, Nigde, Aksaray and Kayseri provinces. When the geography is wide, there are many activities to do in Cappadocia, which is rich and diverse.
In Cappadocia, there is no limit to what you can do from outdoor sports to hot-air balloon tours that have made the region world famous, from skiing to cross golf and ATV, as you can ride horses in the valleys of unmatched beauty since those times.
You can enjoy watching the city from above with hot-air balloon tours, which is one of the most popular activities in the city, and you can visit the Goreme Open-Air Museum with a hot-air balloon tour.
If you are interested in pottery making, you can learn how this craft is made in pottery centers in Avanos and experience this.
In Cappadocia, which is at least one activity for you, you can either come by yourself and rent a car, walk with trekking groups or take a tour.
1. You must see historical places
There are many places to visit in Cappadocia, which attracts attention with its historical regions such as Urgup, Goreme, Ortahisar, Uchisar and Avanos.
Ortahisar Castle, Paşabucağı, Ihlara Valley, Avanos Ruins, Zelve Valley, Uchisar Castle, Wish Hill, Gulludere Valley, Zelve Ruins, Zemi Valley, Cappadocia Cavusin Church, Goreme Open-Air Museum, Cappadocia Culture Center, Zelve Open Air Museum, Cappadocia Ethnography Museum, Uzengi Valley, Sobesos Ancient City are places worth seeing in the region.
You can also see important structures such as Taskin Pasha Mosque, Damsa Dam, Pink Valley, Urgup Museum, St. Theodore Church in Urgup, which is one of the most important stops of the geography and where the Kadi Castle is located.
You can climb up to Zelve Valley, Cavusin and Pasabucagi to see the fairy chimneys closely, and enjoy watching the city from above in a panoramic view by going up to Uchisar Castle. Uchisar Castle, which has been carved into its present form since the Roman period, draws attention with its view as well as many houses, rooms, shelters and tombs. The most famous fairy chimneys of the geography, "Cappadocia Three Beauties", are on your way to Urgup.
Another thing worth seeing is the Ihlara Valley, one of the most interesting nature formations of the region, half an hour away from Nevsehir's Aksaray region and fascinates you with its magnificent structure and striking decorations.
It would be impossible not to go to Cappadocia and not see the underground cities of the region. While there are more than 200 underground cities in Cappadocia, where those who are captured by the magic of stone, this place is known as the cities of those who flee, hide, lurk, those who fear being captured and make peace. These structures, which you can see only in Cappadocia geologically, make you feel like they are seven floors below the ground. Acigol Underground City, Kaymakli Underground City, Derinkuyu Underground City, Gaziemir Underground City, Mazi Underground City, Ozluce Underground City are some of them.
2. Cappadocia Hot-Air Balloon Tour
Hot-air balloon tours, popular in Cappadocia in recent years and one of the activities that introduced Cappadocia to the world, offer the opportunity to watch the unique beauty of the valleys and the region from the sky for an hour, to witness the sunrise over the clouds and the fairy chimneys by entering the valleys.
In the hot-air balloon tour, which is one of the experiences to be experienced in Cappadocia, flights are made only at sunrise because the balloons are hot air balloons, and these hot air balloons, which can go up to a height of about three thousand meters and usually travel between from 50 to 350-meters, are taking off.
When you wake up in Cappadocia one morning and see the balloons rising to the sky, whether you are inside the balloon or outside, you accept that this unique view belongs only to this special geography. So much so that in Cappadocia, where you can see hundreds of balloons in the sky at the same time, the whole region, from time to time to the snowy Hasan Mountain and Erciyes Mountain, is clearly in view in the valleys where you can touch the fairy chimneys.
3. ATV Tour
The ATV Tour, which is a favorite of those who want to experience adventure and adrenaline in the unique atmosphere of Cappadocia, is a fun activity as well as different in the unique geography of Cappadocia, while it is carried out on special tracks organized in some valleys of Cappadocia.
On the other hand, naturally, the structure of the valleys is also very convenient to ride ATV engines, and it is impossible not to have spent adrenaline-filled and enjoyable hours in difficult terrain conditions, with and without a guide. As a brief tutorial, you can explore the valleys after a few meters of trial and warm-up ride on ATV, a sport that anyone can do without the need to know how to drive and have a license.
4. Horse Riding in Cappadocia Valleys
Horse Riding is one of the activities that come from Katpatuka, the "Land of Beautiful Horses" and want to enjoy the pleasure of galloping among the valleys while it is one of the most worthy activities in the Cappadocia geography, it is possible to make an unforgettable nature trip with trained horses accompanied by magnificent landscapes. Throughout the year, Akhal-Teke Riding Center organizes excursions on the coast of Kizilirmak, in Cavusin, Uchisar and Goreme Valleys for one or a few hours and all day.
Riding on horseback allows you to explore Cappadocia from completely different angles, and even if you do not need to be an experienced rider, you can ride horses on the pathways that vehicles cannot enter, along the valley extensions, around fairy chimneys and among lush village vineyards. By choosing the most suitable horse riding package for you, you can experience an unforgettable adventure on horseback in Cappadocia.
5. Trekking Routes
Like a completely different planet in the middle of Anatolia; While wandering in the canyon canyon in the valleys, you realize that you are in an interesting geography that makes you forget the world you live in. For this feeling, my advice is to join at least one of the trekking tours. The Cappadocia Yellow Tour, which I attended, was amazing.
The most popular activity of Cappadocia with its many valleys and extraordinary formations, the Trekking Tour is an opportunity to explore the deep canyons and hidden churches on high hills with guided walks where you can observe the geological formations and unique nature. On the other hand, Cappadocia, which is very convenient for climbing lovers and outdoor sports, has many hidden routes waiting to be discovered, except for its well-known valleys.
6. Bike Touring
Bike Tour, another enjoyable way to visit Cappadocia, also welcomes those who come for mountain biking with its mountainous and rugged nature, where you can explore Cappadocia by cycling. Although Pancarlik Valley-Ortahisar-Urgup route is the easiest one, you can enjoy nature without disturbing the ecological structure of the region individually or with tours. Bicycle Tour, which are also prominent in terms of tourism in Cappadocia, have turned into a sports activity and festival in recent years.
So much so that in 2015 began to be held Salcano Cappadocia Bicycle Festival, the history of more than 1,000 participatory Turkey largest bicycle meeting, while for the first time organized by the Gran Fondo race in Turkey in 2 different trails has become a part of this festival. The 5-day bike festival, consisting of 4 different bike trails and a walking tour, is of different ages. The Festival not only attracted many nature lovers to Cappadocia, but also showed the natural and cultural promotion of Cappadocia and Turkish hospitality to the cyclists coming from abroad.
7. Canoe in Kizilirmak
Kano, which is a wonderful activity that can be done in Kizilirmak, the longest river of Anatolia, passing through the middle of Avanos, provides a wonderful adventure starting from Bozca Village near Avanos, passing through fields, villages, deep canyons and reaching Saruhan.
With 1355 kilometers, which is Turkey's longest river Kizilirmak, bumpy stages for canoes and kayaks with the most ideal areas of interest in her heyday 100-150 kilometers from the river can enjoy the pleasures of the short stages. On the other hand, you can also take a 15-minute gondola tour from the piers in Avanos.
Jeep Safari is one of the most exciting adventures in Cappadocia. In Cappadocia, which has a very suitable land for off-road activities, you can experience this excitement by taking a daily jeep safari or jeep tours that explore the region's most beautiful fairy chimney valleys, churches, museums and underground cities in three to four days.
Ideal for adventurers who want to fully integrate with nature by staying in camps at night under the stars around the campfire, Jeep Tours make it possible to see the areas, churches and special points that are not easily accessible by using the old dirt roads of Cappadocia with 4x4 jeep vehicles and passing through the valleys. In general, you can witness the redness of the sun and the unique view of the valleys on tours made at sunset or sunrise, and you will experience adrenaline and nature together.
9. Cross Country Golf
The latest surprise of Cappadocia, a UNESCO registered national park, is Cross Golf! Although 500 years have passed since it started playing, Cross Golf, which is unique in the world, has been played in Cappadocia for a few years and the environmentally friendly one has been played in Cappadocia for a few years, and in Cross Golf, which takes advantages of the different surface shapes of the region, the playing area is set up outside the protected areas and then greened.
In this game played with classic golf clubs, golf ball and basic golf rules, there are some differences between them and normal golf, but the most distinctive difference is that the target is a small castle instead of a hole. The fact that this castle is big enough to be hit and the player can take more risks than the normal golf is the most important factor that makes Cross Golf attract the attention of the enthusiasts in a short time and the tournaments become traditional.
10. Skiing in Erciyes
The Ski Tour is the best proof that Cappadocia is a geography that can be visited in four seasons and is always full of activities, if you plan to stay long enough in winter, you can go skiing and return to Mount Erciyes. In the interest of visitors in the last 10 years evolving and every time attracts a lot of Cappadocia more activity in the region as well as the need for ski touring, which also has many tour company that organized throughout Turkey.
All equipment required for the ski tour organized in Mount Erciyes, which is the favorite of both mountain sports enthusiasts and ski enthusiasts with its 3995 meters height in Kayseri, is provided by transfer tour companies.
11. Taste local flavors
While every region of our country is known for its unique dishes, this situation is also valid in Cappadocia. If you want to try local dishes while you are in the city, you can taste the local flavors of Goreme, especially the Cappadocia Test Kebab.
Anatolia, quite a tourist activities across Turkey and culturel tasting organized the meeting and that has become the center of Cappadocia, is the birthplace of wine.. Such that, tasting the wines made with the grapes produced in the region and visiting the cellars, these meetings, which are a special experience for wine lovers, are organized by famous wine producers as well as many tours. You stay in boutique hotels carved from the beautiful rocks of the region after tasting the food and taking information about viticulture and production.
You can be one of the visitors who flock to the region during the harvest, which starts in the first days of September, pick grapes with your hands and taste the wine varieties in the vineyard. At the same time, wine brands that started in Cappadocia and became known to Turkey, are Kocabag winery and Turasan winery, where you can visit and you can do wine tasting.
12. Stay in unique rock hotels
The local people, who built a life intertwined with these interesting formations and adapted to the geography, even in the most difficult times of history, the rooms built in fairy chimneys or under the ground have become a living space for this local people.
For this reason, Cappadocia offers an accommodation experience that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Stay in boutique hotels that live in hand-carved rocks in the region and welcome their guests with intimate rooms with exquisite decoration.
If you have not come to Cappadocia with a tour, you definitely need a vehicle because it is not possible to visit the places of Cappadocia, which is far from each other, without a vehicle.
While 20 thousand tourists come from many parts of the world and arrive here to the beauty of the sunset, do not miss the sunset when you come to Cappadocia. Do not forget that you have a lot of choices for sunset in Cappadocia, but you should put Kizilcukur Valley at the top of the list!
While the transportation to Cappadocia, which is about 750 km from Istanbul, takes 9 hours by car and 1 hour 15 minutes by plane, the preference of those who want to reach the city in a fast and practical way is air travel. If you are planning to go to Cappadocia this winter or spring, you can buy your flight ticket now and bring your journey at an affordable price.